According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 98.2 square miles, of which, 95.7
square miles of it is land and 2.5 square miles of it is water. Tallahassee's terrain is hilly by Florida standards, being
located at the southern end of the Red Hills Region, just above the Cody Scarp. The elevation varies from near sea level to just over
200 feet, with the state capitol located on one of the highest hills in the city. The city also includes two large lake basins, Lake Jackson
and Lake Lafayette, and borders the northern end of the Apalachicola National Forest. The flora and fauna are more typical of those found
in the mid-south and low country regions of South Carolina and North Carolina. Although some palm trees grow in the city, they are
the more cold-hardy varieties like the state tree, the Sabal Palmetto. Pines, magnolias, and a variety of oaks are the
dominant trees. Of the latter, the Southern Live Oak is perhaps the most emblematic of the city.
Tallahassee has a humid subtropical climate, with long summers and mild, short winters.
Summers here are hotter than in the Florida peninsula, and it is one of the few cities in the state to occasionally record
temperatures above 100 F, with an average of 2.4 days annually. The all-time record high of 105 F was
set on June 15, 2011. The summer weather is characterized by brief intense showers and thunderstorms that form along the
afternoon sea breeze from the Gulf of Mexico. The average high temperature in July (the hottest month of the year) is 92 F
with lows averaging around 72 F. Conversely, the city is much cooler in the winter. Snowball fight on the Florida State
Capitol Building in Tallahassee on February 13, 1899 During the Great Blizzard of 1899 the city reached -2 F ,
constituting the only recorded sub-zero Fahrenheit reading in Florida.
The average high temperature in January (the year's coldest
month) is around 65 F while nighttime lows average 36 F . Autumn Colors in Downtown Tallahassee
Over the last 100 years, the city has recorded several snowfalls; the heaviest was 2.8 inches on February 13, 1958.
A White Christmas occurred in 1989, and in 1993 there were traces of snow and high winds. Historically, the city usually records
at least observed flurries every three to four years, but on average, measurable amounts of snow 1.0 inch occur only every
17 years. The last measurable snowfall took place in December 1989. The natural snow line ends 200 miles
to the north at Macon, Georgia, but the city averages 32 nights where the temperature falls below freezing, and, on average,
the first freeze occurs on November 20, the last on March 22. Although several hurricanes have brushed Tallahassee with their outer
rain and wind bands, in recent years only Hurricane Kate, in 1985, has struck Tallahassee directly. The Big Bend area of North Florida
sees several tornadoes each year during the season, but none have hit Tallahassee in living memory. During extremely heavy rains, some
low-lying parts of Tallahassee may flood, notably the Franklin Boulevard area adjacent to the downtown and the Killearn Lakes subdivision
on the north side.